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A Comprehensive Guide to Advance Tax Payments for SMBs in India

A Comprehensive Guide to Advance Tax Payments for SMBs in India_Perk Payroll

Navigating the complexities of tax obligations is a critical task for any small to medium-sized business (SMB) operating in India. One of the essential components of this process is managing advance tax payments. Failure to comply can lead to penalties that could have been easily avoided with the right knowledge and tools. This guide provides an in-depth look at advance tax, detailing who it affects, when it's due, and how SMBs can manage these payments efficiently with Perk Payroll.

What is Advance Tax?

Advance tax, often referred to as "pay-as-you-earn" taxation, requires taxpayers to pay income tax in installments instead of a lump sum payment at the year's end. This system ensures that the government maintains a steady inflow of tax revenue throughout the year and helps taxpayers manage their tax liability better by spreading it out.

Who Needs to Pay Advance Tax?

Advance tax applies to all taxpayers, including salaried, freelancers, and businesses, whose tax liability, after TDS (Tax Deducted at Source), exceeds ₹10,000 in a financial year. It is particularly relevant for those who have sources of income other than a salary, such as interest on investments, earnings from a business, capital gains, or rental income.

When is Advance Tax Due?

The payment schedule for advance tax is split into four installments throughout the financial year:

  • 15th June: 15% of the total advance tax liability

  • 15th September: 45% of the total advance tax liability

  • 15th December: 75% of the total advance tax liability

  • 15th March: 100% of the total advance tax liability

It's crucial to adhere to these deadlines to avoid any interest charges under sections 234B and 234C of the Income Tax Act.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failure to pay advance tax can result in penalties under Section 234B and 234C of the IT Act. Section 234B charges interest if you don't pay 90% of your tax liability by the end of the financial year, while Section 234C penalizes for the delay or deferment in installments. Thus, it is crucial for SMBs to forecast their income accurately and make payments accordingly to avoid such penalties.

Managing Advance Tax Efficiently with Perk Payroll

For SMBs, managing advance tax payments efficiently is key to ensuring compliance and avoiding unnecessary penalties. Here’s how Perk Payroll can streamline this process:

  1. Income Forecasting Tools: Perk Payroll includes features that help estimate annual income based on current earnings, which is crucial for calculating your advance tax liability accurately.

  2. Automated Reminders: With Perk Payroll, you can set up automated reminders for upcoming tax payment deadlines, ensuring you never miss a payment.

  3. Integration with Accounting: Perk Payroll integrates seamlessly with your existing accounting software, allowing for real-time tracking of earnings and deductions, thereby facilitating an accurate calculation of the advance tax due each quarter.

  4. Reports and Documentation: Generate detailed reports that provide insights into your financial status and tax liabilities. These can help in making informed decisions about tax payments and in maintaining accurate records for audits.

  5. Guidance and Support: Perk Payroll provides guidance on tax laws and offers support for troubleshooting any issues related to advance tax payments, ensuring that your business remains compliant with minimal hassle.


Understanding and managing advance tax payments is a critical part of financial planning for SMBs in India. By leveraging advanced tools like Perk Payroll, businesses can ensure they meet their tax obligations efficiently and on time, thereby avoiding penalties and maintaining a steady cash flow. Stay ahead of the curve by integrating smart payroll solutions that support your business in fulfilling its tax duties effectively.

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